Well -like structures then connect to the qanat, enabling the drawing of water. Alternatively, an animal-driven Persian well would draw water to the surface. Trees were often planted in a ditch called a juy , which prevented water evaporation and allowed the water quick access to the tree roots. The Persian style often attempts to integrate indoors with outdoors through the connection of a surrounding garden with an inner courtyard. Designers often place architectural elements such as vaulted arches between the outer and interior areas to open up the divide between them.
An early description from the first half of the fourth century BCE of a Persian garden is found in Xenophon 's Oeconomicus in which he has Socrates relate the story of the Spartan general Lysander 's visit to the Persian prince Cyrus the Younger , who shows the Greek his "paradise at Sardis". In this story Lysander is "astonished at the beauty of the trees within, all planted at equal intervals, the long straight rows of waving branches, the perfect regularity, the rectangular symmetry of the whole, and the many sweet scents which hung about them as they paced the park" .
The oldest representational descriptions and illustrations of Persian gardens come from travelers who reached Iran from the west. Battuta and Clavijo made only passing references to gardens and did not describe their design, but Kaempfer made careful drawings and converted them into detailed engravings after his return to Europe.
They show charbagh -type gardens that featured an enclosing wall, rectangular pools, an internal network of canals, garden pavilions and lush planting. The location of the gardens Kaempfer illustrated in Isfahan can be identified. The six primary styles of the Persian garden may be seen in the following table, which puts them in the context of their function and style. Gardens are not limited to a particular style, but often integrate different styles, or have areas with different functions and styles.
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Publicly, it is a classical Persian layout with heavy emphasis on aesthetics over function. Man-made structures in the garden are particularly important, with arches and pools which may be used to bathe. The ground is often covered in gravel flagged with stone. Plantings are typically very simple - such as a line of trees, which also provide shade.
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Privately, these gardens are often pool-centred and, again, structural. The pool serves as a focus and source of humidity for the surrounding atmosphere. There are few plants, often due to the limited water available in urban areas. Plants range from trees , to shrubs , to bedding plants , to grasses. Again, there are elements such as a pool and gravel pathways which divide the lawn. When structures are used, they are often built, as in the case of pavilions, to provide shade.
These gardens are private and formal. The basic structure consists of four quadrants divided by waterways or pathways. Traditionally, the rich used such gardens in work-related functions such as entertaining ambassadors. These gardens balance structure with greenery, with the plants often around the periphery of a pool and path based structure. Much like many other parks , the Persian park serves a casual public function with emphasis on plant life.
They provide pathways and seating, but are otherwise usually limited in terms of structural elements. The purpose of such places is relaxation and socialisation. Unlike the park it is a private area often affixed to houses and often consisting of lawns , trees, and ground plants. The waterways and pathways stand out less than in the more formal counterparts and are largely functional. The primary function of such areas is familial relaxation.
ENGLISH i. Persian Elements in English – Encyclopaedia Iranica
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Charbagh. Gardening portal Gardens portal. University of Alabama, Altarmenisches Elementarbuch , Heidelberg, 2nd edn. Grammaire du vieux perse , Paris, 2nd edn. Other References : Sylvain Auroux ed.
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You will appreciate the sunny terrace and the jacu-swim heathed by sun-collectors when good wheather. TV-watch is possible. Sheets, towels and soap are provided. The village center with small supermarket is situated at just 1 km, as well as two restaurants.
Possibility to rent us bikes, please ask before so we can organize. Recommended for holiday in bed- and breakfast-system means guests leave after breakfast between 9 and 10 a.
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Room in the heart of the Flemish Ardennes at the foot of the Eikenberg. Ideal base for those who need to be in Ghent 30min and Brussels 45 min. Equipped with all comfort comfort. Wifi, Printer Ideal for bike rides and walkers. In the heart of the Flemish Ardennes, in a quiet street with easy access. Ideal for those who like a quiet night. Many hiking and biking trails in the immediate vicinity.
Many places of interest within 30 to 50 minutes by car. Room in Flemish Ardennes close to Oudenaarde. A 10 minutes en voiture du parc Pairi Daiza. Les nuits sont calmes et on y entends que les rapaces nocturnes. A vol d'oiseau nous nous trouvons a dix minutes du zoo pari daiza. A une heure de route de Bruxelles et une heure 15 de Bruges. The room is ideal for work stays, couples and small families up to 4 people with extra bed and cot. Tea and coffee are available, as well as kettle, crockery, fridge, microwave, toaster Our two little cats and we will be happy to welcome you!
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